Dyslexia Help: Comprehension Breakdown Natural Inquiry of The Mind

*stop after each paragraph, say- Let’s “Look Up or Fix Up” anything related to below:

(Scope & Sequence)

Influencing Figurative Language: https://quizlet.com/_8p9urr?x=1jqt&i=1rtq1r

Simile/MetaphorUses like or as
Compare two thingsDoes not use like or as
Idiom/Hyperbole The meaning is different from the meaning in the wordsExpressions with exaggeration to show emphasisThe meaning beyond belief 
Alliteration/OnomatopoeiaUsing the same beginning sound- she sells, sea, shellsRepetition of wordsUsing Sound words- tick-tock, tick-tockBow wow, bow wow
Personification/OxymoronUses words that give non-human things/ human characteristics Words that create imagesUses words that go against itself (sarcastic)
Alliteration/AssonanceUsing the same beginning sound- she sells, sea, shellsRepetition of wordsUses the same vowel sounds- Feet, reap, neat, steep

Key Words

To Show Time

To Show Location
To Show Agreement /
Addition / Similarity

Show being Coupled
with Equally/Comparatively

To Show Examples /
Support / Emphasis

Shows Opposition /
Limitation / Contradiction

To Show Addition

To Show Comparison

To Show Interpret from Multiple Perspectives

To Show Effect / Result /

To Show Cause /
Condition / Purpose

To Give an Example/Emphasize

To Generalize/ Similarity On the Whole

To Show Sequence Words/Effect /

To Show Cause / Reason/Elaboration

To Show Restatement / Explanation: Referring back

To Show a Narrow the Focus

To Show Conceding a Point

To Show Time:

Key Words: about, after
afterward, at, before
currently, during, eventually
finally, first, etc.
following, formerly, immediately
later, meanwhile, next,
next week, previously
soon, subsequently
then, thereafter, till
today, etc., until
when, after a few hours
as soon as, in the future
soon after

What Why

To Show Location:
Key Words: above, across
adjacent, against, along
among, along, around,
behind, below, beneath,
beside, between, beyond,
by, down, inside, into,
here, near, nearby
off, onto, outside
over, there, throughout
under, away from, at the side
in the back, in back of
in the background, in the distance
in the front, in the foreground
on top of, to the right


To Show Agreement / Addition / Similarity:

Key Words: in the first place, again, moreover
not only … but also to as well as
as a matter of fact, and together with
in like manner, also of course
in addition, then likewise


Show being Coupled with Equally/Comparatively:

Key Words: in the same fashion / way identically correspondingly
first, second, third uniquely similarly
in the light of like furthermore
not to mention, as additionally
to say nothing of too
equally important
by the same token

What Why

To Show Examples / Support / Emphasis:
in other words, notably, in fact
to put it differently, including, in general
for one thing like, in particular
as an illustration, to be sure, in detail
in this case, namely, to demonstrate
for this reason chiefly, to emphasize
to put it another way, truly to repeat
that is to say, indeed to clarify
with attention, to certainly to explain
by all means surely, to enumerate
important to realize, markedly such as
another key point, especially for example
first thing to remember, specifically for instance
most compelling evidence, expressively to point out
must be remembered, surprisingly with this in mind
point often overlooked, frequently
on the negative side, significantly
on the positives


To show Effect / Result /
as a result, for consequently
under those circumstances, thus therefore
in that case, because the thereupon
for this reason, then, forthwith
henceforth, hence, accordingly


Shows Opposition / Limitation / Contradiction
Key Words: although, this, may be true but although
in contrast (and) still, instead
different from unlike whereas
of course …, but or despite
on the other hand (and), yet, conversely
on the contrary, while otherwise
at the same time, albeit, however
in spite, of besides, rather
even so / though, as much as, nevertheless
be that as it may even, though, nonetheless
then, again, regardless
above, all, notwithstanding
in, reality, after all

What Why

To Show Cause / Condition / Purpose:
Key Words: in the event, that if in case
granted (that) … then provided that
as / so long as, unless given that
on (the) condition (that), only / even if
for the purpose of, when so that
with this intention, whenever so as to
with this in mind, since owing to
in the hope that, while due to
to the end that
for fear that because of, in as much as
in order to, as
seeing / being that since
in view, of while, lest


To Show Addition:
Key Words: additionally, again, also, and,
another, besides, finally
first, second, etc., further
furthermore, incidentally
lastly, likewise, moreover
next, nor, too, along with
as well, equally important
for example, for instance
in addition, what’s more


To Show Comparison:
Key Words: also, as
like, likewise, meanwhile
similarly, simultaneously
after all, at the same time
by and large, in comparison
in the same way, in the same manner
in the same way

What Why

To Show Interpret from Multiple Perspectives

Key words: as can be seen, generally speaking
in the final analysis, all things considered
as shown above, in the long run
given these points, as has been noted
in a word, for the most part


To give an Example/Emphasize something:
Key Words
: For example, Above all
For instance, Certainly
To illustrate, Clearly
…. such as Indeed, In fact,
To show order of time or importance, Obviously
First, Second etc, First of all To amplify
Then Again, Next Also
Afterwards, Apparently
Finally, Equally important
Subsequently, Furthermore
Recently, In addition
At the same time, Moreover
In the meantime Finally
Sometimes, Preceding this, To introduce detail
Until, Especially, In particular
To offer a contrast, Specifically, However Namely
In contrast, Nevertheless To interpret something
On the contrary, Fortunately (unfortunately)
On the other hand, Interestingly, Alternatively Surprisingly (unsurprisingly)
Despite this Significantly, Although

What Why

To Generalize/ Similarity On the Whole:
Key words: Likewise, In general
Similarly, Generally speaking
Broadly speaking
To express causality
Accordingly, To conclude
Consequently, To summarize
For this reason, In conclusion

To Show Sequence Words/Effect /Results/Emphasis:
first, firstly, the first … second, secondly, the second third, etc next, last the next, the last finally, in addition, moreover, furthermore, also one … (reason / problem / factor)
so as a result, as a consequence, therefore, thus, consequently, hence, due to, as a result, of as a consequence, of result in, undoubtedly, indeed, obviously, generally admittedly, in theory, in fact particularly, especially, clearly


To Show Cause / Reason/Ellaboration:
Key Words: in addition, for, frequently
furthermore, because
occasionally, also
since, usually, and
as, especially, as well as
because of to cause the cause of the reason for
in fact in particular actually specifically

What Why

To Show Restatement / Explanation: Referring back

Key Words: in conclusion, to summarize, in brief, in conclusion, in short, in general
in fact indeed that is in other words
otherwise … or if unless


To Show a Narrow the Focus:
previous comments
more / most importantly more / most significantly, above all, primarily, essentially
specifically, more to the point, looking more closely at,
it is true that of course, no doubt


To Show Conceding a Point:

i.e., (from a Latin abbreviation for “that is”)
in other words
that is
that is to say
to clarify
to explain
to put it another way
to rephrase it
it is true
of course
to be sure
in conclusion
in the end
to conclude
in fact
of course
to repeat
without doubt
for this purpose
in order that
so that
to that end
to this end


Published by Tricia Cook, MEd., Online Dyslexia and Behavioral Interventionist, RSP, AA O-G Tutor & Montessorian

My interest is in helping parents and teachers to understand learning and behavioral challenges and to love learning again. I graduated from Auburn in ECE in 1998. I have been a Montessori teacher here in Birmingham for almost 12 years and have lived in Birmingham for the past 19 years. As an early childhood teacher, I want continue to grow and develop as a constant learner. In 2012, I graduated from Secondary Education with a P-12 Reading Specialist certification the University of Alabama. As a Reading Specialist, I train on diversity and literacy development; I have a specialized knowledge of assessment and diagnosis that is vital for developing, implementing, and evaluating your literacy and neurodiversity behavioral, character development programing. Also, I have varying experiences designing instruction and environments for Montessori and Non-Montessori (OSR-Pre-K) environments. Therefore, I can consult for any environment or setting! In 2013, I attained my highly qualified status in ECE and Reading. In 2013, I also got my Orton-Gillingham AA tutor certification. I currently tutor full-time along with consulting. I have actually been tutoring since 2003. Along with other independent tutoring/interventionist experiences, I have brought dozens of students from an emergent to an advanced reading level! In addition to tutoring, I have provided the reading strengths and needs of my students and share that information to classroom teachers, parents, specialized teachers, and other stakeholders.  Lastly, I have also been a trainer/presenter, since 2008 and really enjoy this aspect of my career. As an experienced trainer, I have trained on many topics including: literacy (the five components), classroom management, positive discipline, diversity character development, Montessori Philosophy, policies and procedures, child development, and Alabama's Pre-k. Take note: Schools and families are desperately looking for an alternative type of affordable multi-sensory, hands-on, and interesting instruction. Currently, I am training and interested in writing on the following topics: A Comparison of Pre-K to Kindergarten; Adolescent Literacy (7th+); Assessment; Developing Readers; Children’s Literature; Classroom Management Techniques; Comprehension; Montessori Philosophy; Environmental Print & Early Writing; Family Attachment; Language and Literacy; Outdoor Classroom; Poetry Writing (7th+); Positive Guidance; Fine-motor Development; Cursive Writing; Creative Writing; Comprehension: Study Skills/Test Taking Strategies; Morphology; Phonics Instruction; Diversity Education; Neurodiversity Education; HandWriting; Reading Strategies; Best Practices P-12. Thank you, Tricia Cook, MEd., RSP, AOG; https://linktr.ee/tcooktutor

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: