Dyslexia Help: Reading Effects of ADHD

Does your child read too fast or too slow and loose fluency? Do they skip over small words, commas, or periods?

ADHD- Impulsive & Hyperactive Type

What to Look For…

reads too fast, they skip over words and lines (slow down reading)

-skips over small sight words and/or reading the end position of a big word- Tends to be a better phonetic word reader- needs heavy, distinct, and systematic for sight and nonsense words (see column far right).

-do run-on reading (skipping over commas, periods), read robotically with less intonation- see beginning of this article and listening to perfectly modeled reading rate, intonation, etc..

-to overthink/get overwhelmed- they need to remember calm, be able to fidget/move, and work with the universal emotion of anger. 

What I suggest…

-Use their finger to track word to word, sentence to sentence, etc..also, a cover- to cover what’s coming next in passage to keep overwhelmed and skipping. They really need to cover up half of a word (6 plus letters) so they don’t skip over the end position due to being overwhelmed. 

Assistive technology for writing can also help kids build skills and work around weak spots.: https://www.understood.org/en/school-learning/assistive-technology/finding-an-assistive-technology/software-programs-for-kids-with-writing-issues

-Computers often have built-in AT tools, like TTS and dictation. You can also download software for writing to add more AT tools.

-Mobile devices also have built-in AT. You can add more writing tools to mobile devices with apps. https://www.understood.org/en/school-learning/assistive-technology/finding-an-assistive-technology/free-assistive-technology-tools-on-the-web

-Built-in AT options, too. You can add Chrome apps and extensions for more ways to help with writing.

Resource: https://www.understood.org/en/learning-attention-issues/treatments-approaches/treatment-options/treatment-options-for-dysgraphia

Also, I suggest…outside help:

-Dysgraphia Tendencies due ADHD (slow down writing): Professionals- OT<PT< Biokensiologist???? (NOT sure because ADHD not dysphonetic dyslexia)!

-Provide pencil grips or different types of pens or pencils to see what works best for the student.

-Allow the student to use an audio recorder or a laptop in class.

-Provide paper with different-colored or raised lines to help form letters in the right space.

-Provide graph paper (or lined paper to be used sideways) to help line up math and handwriting.

-Provide paper assignments with name, date, title, etc., already filled in.

-Provide information needed to start writing assignments early.

-Help the student break writing assignments into steps.

-Provide a rubric and explain how each step is graded.

-Give examples of finished assignments.

-Offer alternatives to written responses, like giving an oral report.

Adapt test formats to cut down on handwriting. For example, use “circle the answer” or “fill in the blank” questions.

Grade based on what the student knows, not on handwriting or spelling.

Use a scribe or speech-to-text so the student can dictate test answers and writing assignments. (see Tech. info already mentioned).

Let the student choose to either print or use cursive for handwritten responses. (I CAN help with CURSIVE)

Please read articles: https://lookingtohealourownlearningdifference.org/2020/10/29/dyslexia-help-writing-looking-to-help-our-very-own-learning-difference/

https://lookingtohealourownlearningdifference.org/2020/11/02/dyslexia-help-building-fluency/

Lastly, I suggest you set your computer to accessibility: Good fonts for people with dyslexia are Helvetica, Courier, Arial, Verdana and CMU, taking into consideration both, reading performance and subjective preferences. Also,sans serif, monospaced,and roman font types increased significantly the reading performance, while italic fonts decreased reading performance.In particular, Arial It.should be avoided since it signifi-cantly decreases readability (uncheck the sites pick the fonts). Dyslexic Font or Comic San 30 font.

(viewed on 12/10/2020)http://dyslexiahelp.umich.edu/sites/default/files/good_fonts_for_dyslexia_study.pdf?fbclid=IwAR1xLi7OpoqB-lY5lOe8LrLvvD8R6fOcrJfWLRF1-v_1SXes4rN41yKETZo

Effects of ADHD- Inattentive Type

What to look for…

reads too slow, they skip over words and lines (slow down reading)

-skips over small sight words and/or reading the end position of a big word- Tends to be a better phonetic word reader- needs heavy, distinct, and systematic for sight and nonsense words (see column far right).

-do run-on reading (skipping over commas, periods), read robotically with less intonation- see beginning of this article and listening to perfectly modeled reading rate, intonation, etc..

-to daydream/get underwhelmed- they need to remember attention and stay “present’

How to help…

-Work on Word Automaticity- see here https://lookingtohealourownlearningdifference.org/2020/11/07/dyslexia-help-phonics-cook-t-2020/

-Tell students that as they listen to the material being read, they are to track the print and reading into StoryCorp App.

-Make sure students are following the text as it is being read. Encourage them to note the speed and expression of the reader (Hint: Fluency rate remind them of Goldilocks- can’t read too fast or too slow but just right! Also, don’t ever time them and, if you do, WAIT till they are fluent on grade level)

-At the end of the selection, re-play the reading and discuss the rate and expression of the reader. If appropriate, specifically noting the times when the reader’s voice changes pitch or intonation.

-Re-Read the book aloud again while repeating the rate and expression and possibly making adaptations.

I suggest….

Recommendation:

Dysgraphia Tendencies due ADHD (slow down writing): Professionals- OT<PT< Biokensiologist???? (NOT sure because ADHD not dysphonetic dyslexia)!

Assistive technology for writing can also help kids build skills and work around weak spots.: https://www.understood.org/en/school-learning/assistive-technology/finding-an-assistive-technology/software-programs-for-kids-with-writing-issues

Computers often have built-in AT tools, like TTS and dictation. You can also download software for writing to add more AT tools.

Mobile devices also have built-in AT. You can add more writing tools to mobile devices with apps. https://www.understood.org/en/school-learning/assistive-technology/finding-an-assistive-technology/free-assistive-technology-tools-on-the-web

These have built-in AT options, too. You can add Chrome apps and extensions for more ways to help with writing.

Resource: https://www.understood.org/en/learning-attention-issues/treatments-approaches/treatment-options/treatment-options-for-dysgraphia

Accommodations:

Provide pencil grips or different types of pens or pencils to see what works best for the student.

Allow the student to use an audio recorder or a laptop in class.

Provide paper with different-colored or raised lines to help form letters in the right space.

Provide graph paper (or lined paper to be used sideways) to help line up math and handwriting. 

Provide paper assignments with name, date, title, etc., already filled in.

Provide information needed to start writing assignments early.

Help the student break writing assignments into steps.

Provide a rubric and explain how each step is graded.

Give examples of finished assignments.

Offer alternatives to written responses, like giving an oral report.

Adapt test formats to cut down on handwriting. For example, use “circle the answer” or “fill in the blank” questions.

Grade based on what the student knows, not on handwriting or spelling.

Use a scribe or speech-to-text so the student can dictate test answers and writing assignments. (see Tech. info already mentioned).

Let the student choose to either print or use cursive for handwritten responses. (I CAN help with CURSIVE)

Please read articles: https://lookingtohealourownlearningdifference.org/2020/10/29/dyslexia-help-writing-looking-to-help-our-very-own-learning-difference/

https://lookingtohealourownlearningdifference.org/2020/11/02/dyslexia-help-building-fluency/

Lastly, I suggest you set your computer to accessibility: Good fonts for people with dyslexia are Helvetica, Courier, Arial, Verdana and CMU, taking into consideration both, reading performance and subjective preferences. Also,sans serif, monospaced,and roman font types increased significantly the reading performance, while italic fonts decreased reading performance.In particular, Arial It.should be avoided since it signifi-cantly decreases readability (uncheck the sites pick the fonts). Dyslexic Font or Comic San 30 font.

(viewed on 12/10/2020)http://dyslexiahelp.umich.edu/sites/default/files/good_fonts_for_dyslexia_study.pdf?fbclid=IwAR1xLi7OpoqB-lY5lOe8LrLvvD8R6fOcrJfWLRF1-v_1SXes4rN41yKETZo

Published by Tricia Cook, MEd., Online Dyslexia and Behavioral Interventionist, RSP, AA O-G Tutor & Montessorian

My interest is in helping parents and teachers to understand learning and behavioral challenges and to love learning again. I graduated from Auburn in ECE in 1998. I have been a Montessori teacher here in Birmingham for almost 12 years and have lived in Birmingham for the past 19 years. As an early childhood teacher, I want continue to grow and develop as a constant learner. In 2012, I graduated from Secondary Education with a P-12 Reading Specialist certification the University of Alabama. As a Reading Specialist, I train on diversity and literacy development; I have a specialized knowledge of assessment and diagnosis that is vital for developing, implementing, and evaluating your literacy and neurodiversity behavioral, character development programing. Also, I have varying experiences designing instruction and environments for Montessori and Non-Montessori (OSR-Pre-K) environments. Therefore, I can consult for any environment or setting! In 2013, I attained my highly qualified status in ECE and Reading. In 2013, I also got my Orton-Gillingham AA tutor certification. I currently tutor full-time along with consulting. I have actually been tutoring since 2003. Along with other independent tutoring/interventionist experiences, I have brought dozens of students from an emergent to an advanced reading level! In addition to tutoring, I have provided the reading strengths and needs of my students and share that information to classroom teachers, parents, specialized teachers, and other stakeholders.  Lastly, I have also been a trainer/presenter, since 2008 and really enjoy this aspect of my career. As an experienced trainer, I have trained on many topics including: literacy (the five components), classroom management, positive discipline, diversity character development, Montessori Philosophy, policies and procedures, child development, and Alabama's Pre-k. Take note: Schools and families are desperately looking for an alternative type of affordable multi-sensory, hands-on, and interesting instruction. Currently, I am training and interested in writing on the following topics: A Comparison of Pre-K to Kindergarten; Adolescent Literacy (7th+); Assessment; Developing Readers; Children’s Literature; Classroom Management Techniques; Comprehension; Montessori Philosophy; Environmental Print & Early Writing; Family Attachment; Language and Literacy; Outdoor Classroom; Poetry Writing (7th+); Positive Guidance; Fine-motor Development; Cursive Writing; Creative Writing; Comprehension: Study Skills/Test Taking Strategies; Morphology; Phonics Instruction; Diversity Education; Neurodiversity Education; HandWriting; Reading Strategies; Best Practices P-12. Thank you, Tricia Cook, MEd., RSP, AOG; https://linktr.ee/tcooktutor

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