|Dyslexia Help; Cook’s Independent Tutoring, Coaching, & Consulting,LLC|
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Is your child’s reading not very confident nor automatic? What goals can we set to help them read better?Tweet
Goal: 1) The students will listen to their own recorded fluency including prosody, rate, and expression/intonation objective. 2) The students will read independently, with speed, accuracy, and expression, as they will asses the recording of text being read fluently by themselves. Find books on their level here: https://www.scholastic.com/teachers/bookwizard/
Materials: • A copy of the same book or independent-level reading material for each student (such as Kitten’s First Full Moon). • The Story Corps App.: https://storycorps.org/participate/storycorps-app/ recording of an individual reading the book or reading material in a fluent and expressive manner • cellphone with earphones, if appropriate
Lesson: Give each student a copy of the book. If earphones are appropriate, provide these also. Then, 1. Tell students that as they listen to the material being read, they are to track the print and reading into StoryCorp App. 2. Make sure students are following the text as it is being read. Encourage them to note the speed and expression of the reader (Hint: Fluency rate remind them of Goldilocks- can’t read too fast or too slow but just right! Also, don’t ever time them and, if you do, WAIT till they are fluent on grade level) 3. At the end of the selection, re-play the reading and discuss the rate and expression of the reader. If appropriate, specifically noting the times when the reader’s voice changes pitch or intonation. 4. Re-Read the book aloud again while repeating the rate and expression and possibly making adaptations.
Extensions: 1. Using StoryCorp., they can “publish” book recording and adding a picture cover. 2. Share with friends and family. 3. Revisit their own readings. 4. Makeup own stories told into StoryCorp- one day, write them down for preservation and practice! 3. Have the students listen to free or other audio books for dyslexic students https://learningally.org/About-Us/Why-Audiobooks; https://www.scholastic.com/teachers/bookwizard/https://librivox.org/;
ADHD & Fluency
People with ADHD and Dyslexia have difficulty processing the basic sounds of language (phonemes) and/or graphic symbols. (note: the strategies and tools vary on the type of ADHD also if they have executive functioning, sensorial issues, or even autism).
|ADHD, impulsive/hyperactive type (focus)- difficulty processing graphic symbols (not too different from hyperlexia that is common with autism)||ADHD, inattentive and distractible type (attention)- difficulty processing the basic sounds of language (phonemes)||ADHD, combined type– difficulty processing both the basic sounds of language (phonemes) and/or graphic symbols|
|Tendency: reads too fast, they skip over words and lines for which breaks down comprehension|
mainly, skips over small sight words (sight word/non-sense words are hard) about the same level in height (ex. one) and/or reading the end position of a big word (6 plus letters) by dropping the last part of the word
does run-on reading (skipping over commas, periods)
reads robitically with less intonation
tends to overthink/get overwhelmed- needs to fidget or doodle, or rock/move, stand, when reading
tends to have dsyeidetic (visual dyslexia aka surface dyslexia) and Sympathetic Lateral Functioning System Dominate (anger overall arching universal emotion)
|Tendency: read to slow, they are a word to word reader for which breaks down comprehension |
have a hard time decoding as well as encoding words
at first reads robotically later with word attack/automatic recall reads with good intonation
notices reading slower than peers feels increasing shame; therefore, skips over words that a larger (6 plus letters) and feel less confident
tends to “shut down” or overthink by ruminating on past/future
tends to have dysphonetic dyslexia and Parasympathetic Lateral Functioning System Dominate (shame overall arching universal emotion)
|Tendency: Due to |
having varied tendencies from the first two
columns on the left,
during reading for which breaks down comprehension
they “stumble over words” due to reading too fast/slow; mainly,
in the beginning-ending of word, sentence, paragraph, passage-
they rest of the
time too fast and sometimes “just right”
(I call this varied reading rate”).
if varied prosody, rate, and expression/intonation objective (see beginning of article) they never seem to comprehend; mainly, in the beginning-ending of paragraph, passage.
the tendencies to
the left depending on
the reading, hour day, week, etc…Also, the tendencies way heavily on if they are sick, hungry, tired or stressed. note: reading can make them feel ill with headaches, stomach aches/knots, tight shoulders/neck and even dizzy.
Both are notoriously known for “guessing at words” and stories meaning! They both are having natural universal emotions of learning (such as anger, shame which need to be replace with strength and empathy, as well as, remembering calm).
tends to have autism and Total Lateral Functioning System Dominate (anger/shame overall arching universal emotion)- learn more here: https://myelbert.com/2020/09/09/dyslexia-help-dysphonetic-phonetic-vs-dsyeidetic-visual-dyslexia/#.X8e6orNMFrR
|reads too fast, they skip over words and lines.– they need to use there finger to track word to word, sentence to sentence, etc..also, a cover- to cover what’s coming next in passage to keep overwhelmed and skipping. They really need to cover up half of a word (6 plus letters) so they don’t skip over the end position due to being overwhelmed. |
skips over small sight words and/or reading the end position of a big word- Tends to be a better phonetic word reader- needs heavy, distinct, and systematic for sight and non-sense words (see column far right).
do run-on reading (skipping over commas, periods), read robotically with less intonation- see beginning of this article and listening to perfectly modeled reading rate, intonation, etc..
to overthink/get overwhelmed- they need to remember calm, be able to fidget/move, and work with the universal emotion of anger.
|reads to slow, they are a word to word reader– they need to continue to use their finger to blend phonetic words and do work attack (especially on words that are 6 plus letters). No skimming (running finger below bottom) beneath words but point to each sound, and word- once processed then can skim. |
skips over words that a larger and feel less confident- Tends to be a better sight word reader (remember whole words)- needs explicit, distinct, and systematic phonics for phonetic words. Once taught phonics, Even then, they will try to read and write things out phonetically- Therefore, they truly need to master emergent/ beginning to advanced phonics.
to “shut down” or overthink by ruminating on past/future- Tends to be an interest based learner, so work within their interest also needs graphic organizers (for better listing), or doodle notes (creative outlet) and work with the universal emotion of shame.
|never seem to comprehend; mainly, in the beginning-ending of paragraph, passage– rereading or re-answering noticing where the “stumbling happened” is key, reread from where it last made sense is key. Therefore, if they can’t do this than rereading is absolutely necessary. I literally tell them if you have to reread, re-listen, or rewrite something, it will never hurt you…it’s just a part of our life!|
Both need non-sense words…Why non-sense words? For words that they don’t understand the meaning, keep them from guessing but trust what they hear, and can’t depend on remembering words especially when they are 6 plus letters.
They both need to also master all sight words because it’s their strength/trouble and it will help fill in the reading gap.
Both are notoriously known for “guessing at words” and stories meaning see my suggestions here for replacing anger/strength, shame/empathy: http://lookingtohealourown
Lastly, I suggest you set you computer to accessibility: Good fonts for people with dyslexia are Helvetica, Courier, Arial, Verdana and CMU, taking into consideration both, reading performance and subjective preferences. Also, sans serif, monospaced,and roman font types increased significantly the reading performance, while italic fonts decreased reading performance.In particular, Arial It.should be avoided since it signifi-cantly decreases readability (uncheck the sites pick the fonts). It’s my suggestion to use Comic Sans.
Learn More: www.myelbert.com
Please Share Dyslexia Help: https://myelbert.com/2020/10/29/dyslexia-help-building-fluency/ Thanks, @scholastic;@StoryCorps
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